DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS

 

 

 

 

 

BRIEF DESCRIPTION

Potentially serious illness caused by clots (thrombus) inside the deep veins. In most cases, a clot forms in the calf, but can entangle in other locations. The clot detachment can lead to short or long-term complications. In the short run, it can move to the lungs and block an artery (pulmonary embolism).
The main deep vein thrombosis cause is prolonged immobility. Therefore, we advise patients to walk regularly (without excess) in the post-OP period.

SYMPTOMS

Deep vein thrombosis can be completely asymptomatic. Early symptoms may include: swelling, pain, heat, flush (redness) and muscle stiffness in the affected region.

RISK FACTORS

  • - Genetic predisposition;
  • - Age over 40 years;
  • - Obesity;
  • - Pregnancy and post-delivery phase;
  • - Cancer;
  • - Use of contraceptives;
  • - Hormone therapy;
  • - Difficulty to walk;
  • - Traumas;
  • - Varicoses veins;
  • - Smoking;
  • - Long-lasting surgeries;
  • - Heart and/or respiratory failure;
  • - Long flights and inland trips that compel the passenger to remain sit for many hours;
  • - Dehydration.

HOW TO PREVENT?

  • - Keep your body weight within healthy limits;
  • - Do not smoke;
  • - Restrict the consumption of alcoholic beverages;
  • - Keep moving regularly;
  • - Practice regular physical activities;
  • - Wear loose and comfortable clothes and shoes;
  • - Wear compression stockings (by propensity and in post-surgical situation observing medical guidelines);
  • - Drink plenty of liquids to prevent dehydration.